Once you cross 40s, you’ll notice minor changes in your vision. But that’s normal part of ageing. However, at times, due to prevalent genetic disorder or other health ailments you may be at a higher risk of developing age-related eye diseases and disorders like age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma and dry eye.
Let’s discuss the impact and treatment of these common age-related eye diseases:
With ageing, especially as you cross 60s, cataract is the most common eye problem. Vision with cataract can appear cloudy or blurry, colours may seem faded too.
Treatment: Cataract can easily be treated by conventional as well as laser surgeries like Robotic Femtosecond Cataract Surgery. During the Cataract surgery the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (called an intraocular lens, or IOL) to restore clear vision. The procedure barely takes 15 minutes and typically is performed on an outpatient basis.
Diabetes is a leading cause of numerous common eye problems in elderly people. As its name, the condition is a complication of diabetes and if not diagnosed/treated in time diabetic retinopathy may even cause blindness. During this condition, diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina. It is common in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop this eye complication.
Treatment: Treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends largely on the type and severity of diabetic retinopathy. The treatment is aimed at slowing or stopping progression of the condition.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD is a disease associated with aging eyes. It gradually destroys sharp, central vision and causes common eye problems in elderly people. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving, etc. It is the most common cause of vision loss in those aged over 50.
Treatment: To control the progress of AMD, there are several treatment options available, like, Anti-angiogenic drugs, laser therapy, and surgery etc.
Read Also : How To Reduce Digital Eye Strain
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve. It is usually associated with high pressure in the eye and affects side or peripheral vision. If not detected in time, glaucoma can cause blindness and other common eye problems in elderly people.
Treatment: Glaucoma can be treated either with eye drops, medicine, laser surgery, or a combination of these methods. The goal of any treatment is to prevent loss of vision, as vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible.
Dry eye occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly, or when the tears are not of the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly. Dry eye is one of the common eye problems in elderly people and it makes difficult for them to perform daily activities, such as using a computer or reading for an extended period of time, etc.
Treatment: There are a couple of treatments available for dry eye syndrome. Consult your doctor in case of any symptoms.
At Sharp Sight (Group of Eye Hospitals), one of the best eye hospitals in Delhi, we recommend regular and comprehensive eye check up as you cross 40s. We offer the world class treatments for various disorders of eye at affordable cost.
For queries/appointment, contact us at: +91-011-30051818