Glaucoma is the leading cause of preventable blindness in the world. If timely detected and treated, Glaucoma can be well controlled without causing any vision loss in the later years of life. There are a multiple types of glaucoma, with Open-angle glaucoma being the most common form. Here are some important glaucoma facts:
1. Who is at risk?
Anyone can develop glaucoma but some people are at greater risk. They should therefore see their ophthalmologist on a regular basis, specifically for glaucoma testing.
Read Also : Premature Babies Risk Going Blind
People with more risk of developing glaucoma include people who:
- are over age 40;
- have family members/history with glaucoma
- are of African or Hispanic heritage
- are of Asian heritage (Asians are at increased risk of angle closure glaucoma and Japanese are at increased risk of low tension glaucoma)
- have high eye pressure
- are farsighted or nearsighted
- have had an eye injury
- have corneas that are thin in the center
- have diabetes, migraines, high blood pressure, poor blood circulation or other health problems affecting the whole body.
People with more than one of these risk factors have a higher risk of glaucoma.
- What are the best ways to prevent glaucoma?
A yearly, comprehensive, dilated eye exam is the best way to prevent glaucoma. It is also important to know if you have a family history of glaucoma and to share this information with your eye doctor.
- Are there warning signs for glaucoma?
There are usually no warning signs for open angle glaucoma. It causes no pain, vision stays normal and it can develop in one or both eyes.
Without treatment, people with glaucoma will slowly lose their peripheral (side) vision. As glaucoma remains untreated, people may miss objects to the side and out of the corner of their eye. They seem to be looking through a tunnel. Over time, straight-ahead (central) vision may decrease until no vision remains.
- What are the best treatments available for glaucoma?
How your glaucoma is treated will depend on your specific type of glaucoma, the severity of your disease and how well it responds to treatment.
Read Also : High Blood Pressure Can Damage Your Eyes
Glaucoma damage is permanent—it cannot be reversed. But a combination of eye drops, medicine and surgery help to stop further damage.
At Sharp Sight (Group of Eye Hospitals), one of the best eye hospitals in Delhi NCR, we diagnose and treat glaucoma through safe and painless laser technology at affordable price.
To seek appointment with our Glaucoma specialist Dr Vineet Sehgal regarding Glaucoma diagnosis or treatment contact: 011-41317777/30/31